Gardner, Richard A.

Gardner, Richard A.


  1. Parental alienation syndrome (abbreviated as PAS) is term coined by Richard A. Gardner in the early 1980s to refer to what he describes as a disorder in which a child, on an ongoing basis, belittles and insults one parent without justification, due to a combination of factors, including indoctrination by the other parent (almost exclusively as part of a child custody dispute) and the child’s own attempts to denigrate the target parent.[1] Gardner introduced the term in a 1985 paper, describing a cluster of symptoms he had observed during the early 1980s.[1]
    Parental alienation syndrome – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Parental Alienation and Parental Alienation Syndrome Home Page
    Parental Alienation Syndrome: How to Detect It and What to Do About It by J. Michael Bone and Michael R. Walsh
    Parental Alienation Syndrome –
    PAS Help – Parents Who Have Successfully Fought Parental Alienation Syndrome – by Jayne A. Major, Ph.D.
    see also malicious Mother Syndrome
    Malicious Mother Syndrome

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