- Parental alienation syndrome (abbreviated as PAS) is term coined by Richard A. Gardner in the early 1980s to refer to what he describes as a disorder in which a child, on an ongoing basis, belittles and insults one parent without justification, due to a combination of factors, including indoctrination by the other parent (almost exclusively as part of a child custody dispute) and the child’s own attempts to denigrate the target parent. Gardner introduced the term in a 1985 paper, describing a cluster of symptoms he had observed during the early 1980s.
Parental alienation syndrome – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Parental Alienation and Parental Alienation Syndrome Home Page
Parental Alienation Syndrome: How to Detect It and What to Do About It by J. Michael Bone and Michael R. Walsh
Parental Alienation Syndrome – Lawyers.com
PAS Help – Parents Who Have Successfully Fought Parental Alienation Syndrome – by Jayne A. Major, Ph.D.
see also malicious Mother Syndrome
Malicious Mother Syndrome